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HomeGreek PhilosphyJourney: Historic Antalya - World Archaeology

Journey: Historic Antalya – World Archaeology


Antalya Province is positioned in south-west Türkiye, alongside the Mediterranean coast. Prior to now, the area was the situation of the traditional lands of Pamphylia within the east and Lycia within the west, but it surely has additionally been dominated by plenty of totally different civilisations all through its lengthy historical past, and in the present day is house to many beautiful archaeological websites and historical ruins.  

Kaleiçi

The town of Antalya takes its identify from the sooner Attalia, which was based as a seaport within the 2nd century BC by Attalus II, a king of Pergamum, though archaeological excavations carried out within the metropolis centre in recent times point out that the its historical past dates again so far as the 5th century BC. Attalia was bequeathed to the Romans by Attalus II’s nephew, Attalus III, upon his demise in 113 BC, and over time the town has additionally been managed by the Seljuks and the Ottoman Empire, to call just some. The historic metropolis centre of Antalya, generally known as Kaleiçi, is house to an array of historical websites and monuments. The primary indicators of Antalya’s wealthy previous are the traditional partitions surrounding Kaleiçi, which encircled nearly the entire metropolis till the trendy interval. The partitions additionally embody the town’s solely remaining historical entrance, Hadrian’s Gate, which was inbuilt AD 130, in honour of a go to to the town by Emperor Hadrian, though the higher a part of the construction was rebuilt within the 13th century.

As soon as you might be inside the traditional metropolis centre, one of the vital vital historic sights is the Yivli Minaret Complicated (Yivli Minare Külliyesi), which encompasses a set of buildings from the Seljuk interval, together with the Yivli Minaret, a 40m tall construction that is among the conventional symbols of the town. Additionally price a go to is Karaalioğlu Park, a big park on the south-west aspect of Kaleiçi, which is house to Hıdırlık Tower (Hıdırlık Kulesi). The tower was constructed within the 2nd century AD and has been used as a fortification and a lighthouse over the course of its historical past.

Xanthos and Letoon

A number of hundred kilometres away, in south-west Antalya, lie the traditional metropolis of Xanthos, and its cult centre, Letoon, in neighbouring Muğla province, which have been added to the UNESCO World Heritage record in 1988. Xanthos dates again to three,000 BC and was as soon as the capital of the traditional kingdom of Lycia, however the website additionally incorporates loads of Hellenistic and Roman structure, together with the Xanthos theatre (Xanthos Tiyatrosu), the Roman agora, and a mausoleum that includes distinctive examples of funerary structure. In the meantime, Letoon was an essential non secular sanctuary in antiquity, with finds relationship again to the 6th century BC and plenty of historical temples and cult buildings nonetheless standing in the present day, principally considerably, the three temples devoted to Artemis, Apollo, and their mom, Leto. Xanthos and Letoon additionally include many inscriptions carved into rocks and stone pillars, which symbolize a number of the longest and most essential examples of the traditional Lycian language.

Myra and Patara

The area can be house to websites of later non secular significance, resembling Myra and Patara, which gained fame due to their connection to the early Christian bishop who grew to become Saint Nicholas, a well-liked saint in lots of European international locations, maybe best-known in the present day for his affiliation with beliefs surrounding Santa Claus.

Patara was the birthplace of Saint Nicholas within the 3rd century AD and the town grew to become an essential centre for Christianity within the Byzantine interval. Its historical past stretches again a lot additional than this although, because it was one of many oldest – and largest – cities in Lycia, with origins relationship again to earlier than the Iron Age. It’s also house to maybe the oldest surviving lighthouse on the earth, constructed by Emperor Nero in AD 46, which is presently being reconstructed. Patara’s wonderful location as a harbour, in addition to its id because the legendary birthplace of Apollo, additionally contributes to the town’s distinctive significance. Patara was the capital of Lycia through the Roman interval and is the centre the place the Lycian League – the primary identified instance of contemporary democracy – was assembled.

Myra is legendary because the place the place Saint Nicholas was made a bishop, and is the location of the Saint Nicholas Church, constructed 200 years after his demise. This 6th-century church is a crucial instance of Japanese Roman artwork and structure, however Myra was additionally an essential Lycian metropolis, and in the present day is well-known for its Lycian rock-cut tombs and ruins from the Roman interval.

Different websites

These are just some of the numerous historic gems within the area. Antalya can be house to spectacular examples of Seljuk structure resembling Alara Fortress and Alanya Fortress, in addition to quite a few websites with ruins relationship again to classical antiquity resembling Perge, Aspendos, Termessos, and Aspect, and different settlements with earlier Lycian origins and stays, together with Arykanda, Limyra, Olympus, Phaselis, Sillyon, and Simena. The world’s historical past additionally stretches again into the way more distant previous; at Karain Cave, 30km north-west of Antalya’s metropolis centre, proof has been discovered of human occupation going again 25,000 years, in addition to Neanderthals’ presence lots of of 1000’s of years in the past.

Lastly, a visit to the area wouldn’t be full with no go to to the Antalya Archaeological Museum. Based in 1922, the museum now consists of 14 exhibition halls protecting an space of 30,000m2, with open-air galleries, and a backyard. Inside, the museum presents 1000’s of years of historical past within the province of Antalya by objects, sculptures, and artworks found within the area.

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