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The Science behind Soccer – Historical Greece Reloaded

In our opinion earlier than something, the core of soccer is the ball itself (!) and the enjoyable, which we get, of kicking that factor round…

All of us speak about soccer (aka soccer) and we do love this sport… Many even proclaim themselves as soccer gurus (as an illustration once they wager, once they make ideas on how the soccer coaches ought to lead their groups and so on and so on and so on)…

All these issues are attention-grabbing to speak about, nonetheless, on this article we will give attention to the primary core of soccer…

Which is the core of soccer some might ask… is it the groups? Is it the stadiums? Is it the academies? Is it the earnings? Is it the organizations, like FIFA or UEFA?

In our opinion earlier than something, the core of soccer is the ball itself (!) and the enjoyable, which we get, of kicking that factor round…

So allow us to have a look of the historical past that the ball brings with it and the science behind this little man that each one of us love a lot…


The delivery of up to date soccer could be traced again to the nineteenth century (whereas some historians argue {that a} sort of soccer was already been performed in historic occasions – like Historical Greece, Mayans and so on). It started in 1863 in England when the world’s first soccer affiliation — The Soccer Affiliation in England — was based. At the moment, many of the soccer balls have been fabricated from pig or ox bladder encased with leather-based. The key deficiencies of those balls have been the problem of constructing a daily form ball and sustaining the form of the ball when use.


(The primary vulcanized rubber soccer ball designed and in-built 1855 by Charles Goodyear)


By 1900s, most balls have been fabricated from rubber bladder as an alternative of the animals bladder whereas leather-based was nonetheless used because the overlaying materials of balls. Using the rubber bladders is to make sure that the ball can stay laborious and keep away from shedding its form. Thus these balls would bounce simpler and but may very well be kicked. Nevertheless, leather-based will take in water whether it is moist. Subsequently, the leather-based casing ball would take in water throughout rain and develop into very heavy, which precipitated many head accidents at the moment.


(1910 soccer ball)                      (1950 soccer ball)                           (2004 soccer ball)  


Within the late Eighties, the leather-based casing ball was changed by completely artificial ball in soccer competitions. The overlaying materials of the completely artificial ball is artificial leather-based constructed from polymer. For prime quality ball, the casing is fabricated from the artificial leather-based panels stitched collectively via pre-punched holes by waxed threads. The bladder of a very artificial ball is normally latex or butyl bladder. The ball is then inflated by pumping air into its bladder via a tiny gap on the casing. The completely artificial ball might resist water absorption and reliably keep its form.



    (The Inner construction of a very artificial soccer ball)



These days, the official soccer guidelines known as the “Legal guidelines of the sport”, that are maintained by the Worldwide Soccer Affiliation Board (IFAB), specify the qualities of the ball utilized in soccer matches. In line with the legal guidelines, the soccer ball ought to fulfill the next descriptions:

it’s spherical in form,

its casing is fabricated from both leather-based or different appropriate materials,

its circumference will not be greater than 70 cm and never lower than 68 cm,

its weight will not be greater than 450 g and never lower than 410 g in the beginning of the match.

its stress inside equal to 0.6 – 1.1 ambiance at sea degree.




And IF… we have been to enter additional particulars of all of the science departments that have been utilized as a way to evolve a soccer ball to at the moment’s requirements we must write entire books about it… However, because the saying goes “one image, a thousand phrases”; allow us to take a fast take a look at the photographs under…

Image(Determine explaining the additional stress contained in the soccer ball)


(The relative bounciness of various kinds of balls)


(Chart of vitality conversion within the ball from falling to rebound)


(The stress and velocity of the air flowing at totally different area round a soccer ball)


(The Magnus drive and wake deflection drive on a soccer ball which is spinning clockwise – which permits the so known as “banana shot”)


Lastly, shifting one step past, allow us to take a fast take a look at how the media, and high-tech units, allow us to pinpoint every soccer participant’s place, what distance that participant ran throughout a sport and so forth…




And regarding the soccer subject itself…




Subsequently, subsequent time that we’ll kick the ball round allow us to simply keep in mind, for a second, that there have been, and nonetheless are, 1000’s of individuals working very laborious (behind the scenes) in order that we are able to have enjoyable, and even dream, whereas enjoying soccer…




August – Des Chemikers wunderbare Welt des Fußballs,

Deike Hatscher, Sandra Knirsch, Chem. Unserer Zeit 2011, 45 (4), 296. DOI: 10.1002/ciuz.201190065

Sporting Excellence With BASF Merchandise, Press Launch 2012, P-12-275. Fraunhofer Institute for Built-in Circuits, Germany,

König Fußball, Jens Falta, Phys. J. 2006, 6 (5), 35-40)


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