Wednesday, July 13, 2022
HomeShakespeare10 Rhetorical Gadgets You have Most likely By no means Heard Of...

10 Rhetorical Gadgets You have Most likely By no means Heard Of (with examples)


As everybody is aware of, Shakespeare was a grasp of rhetorical units: consonance, metaphor, simile, anaphora…the listing goes on and on. However Shakespeare went properly past the fundamental ones. Have you ever heard of those rhetorical units he used? All examples come from Antony’s speech at Caesar’s funeral (Julius Caesar, III.2.73-107). 

1) Synecdoche

Definition: metaphorical substitution of a component for the entire

Quotation: “Associates, Romans, Countrymen, lend me your ears” (line 73)

Clarification: When he says “your ears,” Antony is utilizing part of an viewers member (on this case, a physique half: the ear) to seek advice from the viewers as a complete.

2) Chiasmus

Definition: X-shaped inversion of a parallel development

Quotation: “If it had been so, it was a grievous fault, / And grievously hath Caesar reply’d it.” (traces 79-80)

Clarification: The phrase “grievous” seems on the finish of the primary line and the start of the subsequent, and the phrase order of “it was a grievous fault” (topic, then verb) is inverted within the subsequent line, “hath Caesar reply’d it” (verb, then topic).

3) Epimone

Definition: frequent repetition of a phrase, just like a chorus

Quotation: “However Brutus says he was formidable, / And Brutus is an honorable man.” (traces 86-87) and “But Brutus says he was formidable, / And Brutus is an honorable man.” (traces 93-94) and “But Brutus says he was formidable: And certain he’s an honorable man.” (traces 98-99)

Clarification: Antony makes use of the identical two traces in varied factors in his speech. Consider his speech as a track, and the epimone because the refrain.

4) Amphibologia

Definition: ambiguity

Quotation: “He hath introduced many captives dwelling to Rome” (line 88)

Clarification: On this line, the pronoun “he” is ambiguous: does Antony seek advice from Brutus, or to Caesar?

5) Litotes

Definition: understatement, typically utilizing double negatives

Quotation: “I converse to not disprove what Brutus spoke” (line 100)

Clarification: Antony’s phrase “to not disprove” makes use of the double unfavourable of “not” and “disshow” to forged doubt on Brutus’ phrases. Antony claims he doesn’t need to disprove Brutus’s phrases, relatively than saying that he needs to show them. On this manner, the understatement casts doubt on the reality of Brutus’s phrases.

6) Epiplexis

Definition: rhetorical query, particularly a rebuke

Quotation: “Did this in Caesar appear formidable?” (line 90)

Clarification: The reply to Antony’s query is , in fact, no. He doesn’t anticipate the viewers to reply aloud as a result of the reply is clear within the query and the context.

7) Antistrophe

Definition: repetition of phrases on the finish of successive clauses

Quotation: “For Brutus is an honorable man; / So are all of them, all honorable males.” (traces 82-83)

Clarification: The repetition of “honorable man” is positioned on the finish of each traces (with a small variation, man –> males). Antistrophe’s counterpart is anaphora: in anaphora, the repetition is at first of successive clauses; in antistrophe, the repetition is on the finish. 

8) Aporia

Definition: feigned deliberative doubt over a problem

Quotation: “Did this in Caesar appear formidable?…But Brutus says he was formidable.” (traces 90-94)

Clarification: In actual fact, Antony’s total speech is an instance of aporia. He feigns doubt over each Caesar’s ambition and Brutus’s honor to sway the gang in his favor.

9) Epitrope

Definition: ironic concession to an opponent

Quotation: “However Brutus says he was formidable, / And Brutus is an honorable man.” (traces 86-87) and “But Brutus says he was formidable, / And Brutus is an honorable man.” (traces 93-94) and “But Brutus says he was formidable: And certain he’s an honorable man.” (traces 98-99)

Clarification: In these ironic phrases, Antony goals to undermine Brutus’s honor. He claims his impression of Caesar was incorrect, in favor of Brutus’s impression of Caesar (as formidable).

10) Aposiopesis

Definition: interruption of speech, used to dramatize extra of emotion

Quotation: “Bear with me, / My coronary heart is within the coffin there with Caesar, / And I need to pause until it come again to me.” (traces 105-108)

Clarification: Antony feigns being so overcome with emotion at Caesar’s loss of life that he can not converse to the gang. (Within the 1953 film, Marlon Brando makes use of this second very skillfully to reveal Antony’s true intention to the viewers of the film with out displaying the Romans.)

Marc Antony's Speech at Caesar's Funeral

RELATED ARTICLES

Most Popular

Recent Comments