On this article we talk about the archaeological landscapes of the Erbil plain in the course of the Hellenistic interval (late fourth century BCE–mid second century BCE) based mostly on the information collected in the course of the Erbil Plain Archaeological Survey (EPAS) between 2012 and 2019. We use a panorama archaeology strategy to hint patterns of habitation, migration, land exploitation, and water administration from the Iron Age to the early first millennium CE. Over the course of the primary millennium BCE, the Erbil plain was reworked from an urbanized core area to a rural space of the huge Seleucid world by a second of depopulation within the post-Assyrian interval. These transformation processes continued after the top of the Hellenistic interval, however with a special sample. Urbanization resumed, peaking in the course of the Parthian (Arsacid) period, when the area was a part of the dominion of Adiabene. In the end, our evaluation reveals how the deliberate panorama of Assyria was reworked within the centuries that adopted the collapse of the empire and the way the proximity of political energy was the crucial variable within the settlement patterns of this a part of northern Mesopotamia underneath the empires of the primary millennium BCE.
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