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Damascus Tile | Archaeology at Brown


Object: M167
JIAAW, Minassian Assortment

Adorned with a symmetrical design of blue and inexperienced hues, object M167 from the Joukowsky Institute’s Minassian Assortment is a wealthy instance of Damascus ware. Damascus tiles had been derived from the custom of Iznik ceramics, a college of Turkish pottery that flourished between the fifteenth and seventeenth centuries. Impressed by Chinese language porcelain wares and the intricate designs of Persian pottery, Iznik wares usually depicted floral motifs in colours of deep blues and white. Within the mid-Sixteenth century, the Ottoman sultan Suleyman the Magnificent despatched Iznik potters to restore tiles on the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem. As soon as their work was accomplished, the Iznik potters traveled about 135 miles north to Damascus, a metropolis in present-day Syria. The artisans settled in Damascus, persevering with to create tiles and vessels rooted within the Iznik custom. But, it was in Damascus that the colour palette modified from vibrant whites and vibrant blues and reds to extra muted tones impressed by nature. In object M167, one could discover blues impressed by the sky and sea, hints of sage inexperienced paying homage to vegetation, and earthy brown accents. 

Though Iznik ceramics are thought-about to be the emblems of the golden age of Islamic tile manufacturing, Damascus tiles discovered all through the Ottoman Empire and in its capital metropolis of Istanbul had been extra available to Western collectors within the nineteenth century. It’s via this market that Western museums and plenty of collectors had been in a position to purchase Damascus tiles and could also be how this specific tile ended up as a part of the Minassian’s assortment.

-Jinette Jimenez ‘21

Learn concerning the historical past of the Minassian Assortment right here.

Learn extra about Damascus tiles and see different examples:

Tile | The Artwork Institute of Chicago

Present this picture Ottoman dynasty (1299-1923), Sixteenth or seventeenth century Syria This tile belongs to group of ceramics typically known as Damascus or Syrian ware which might be carefully associated to Iznik ceramics. These wares had been produced in Damascus within the mid-Sixteenth century when the Ottoman sultan, Suleyman the Magnificent, despatched Iznik potters to restore and restore tilework on the Dome of the Rock in Jerusalem.

Tile Panel with Wavy-vine Design | The Metropolitan Museum of Artwork

Panel of Underglaze-Painted Tiles As demand for the ceramic manufacturing of Iznik elevated by the top of the sixteenth century, particularly within the space of tile decorations for private and non-private monuments, Iznik itself fell sufferer to a collection of calamities, together with catastrophic fires, the debilitating results of silicosis (from the mud of the bottom flint used for the white ceramic physique), lead poisoning (lead is the flux used within the clear glaze that covers Iznik ceramics), the malaria endemic to the Iznik lakeshore that affected the ceramic artisans, and, as we’ve got seen (no

Brooklyn Museum

Arts of the Islamic World Glazed ceramic tiles had been probably the most common types of architectural ornament within the Center East. This panel of tiles has non secular subject material: the Arabic inscriptions title Allah, the Prophet Muhammad, and the 4 caliphs of the Sunni custom.

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