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Kurdish tradition: Zaza and Hawrami


To observe Some Kurdish bards, and complementing Dervishes of Kurdistan, the Zaza represent a considerable minority among the many numerous regional teams of the Kurdish folks.

Such materials as I’ve seen [1] refers to teams in east Anatolia (inside the borders of recent Turkey), dwelling to a considerable inhabitants of Zazas who hint their origins to what’s now north Iran. Whereas most are Sunni Muslims, many are Alevi. Their trendy historical past, like that of the Kurds usually, has been turbulent, with a number of bloody rebellions in opposition to the Turkish Republic, notably in Dersim (1937–38).

Zaza Alevi

The Zazaki language is taken into account at risk of extinction. This brief movie contains footage of an Alevi cem ritual (from 7.18):

Hawrami ritual: the Pir Şaliyar pageant
To the southeast, method past Anatolia, the Hawraman (Avroman) area can also be distinctive.

The big village of Hawraman Takht, within the foothills of the Zagros mountains close to the western border of Iran (whose financial system is boosted by smuggling), has attracted appreciable consideration for its grand annual pageant commemorating the marriage of the traditional hermit saint-healer Pir Şaliyar, with the singing and dancing of dervishes accompanied by daf frame-drums. [2] Right here’s a brief movie: [3]

It’s such a scenic village that I can’t assist questioning how consultant the pageant is of formality follow within the area, the way it has modified in recent times below the affect of tourism (itself a legitimate topic of analysis, although I think that is the type of occasion that many an anthropologist would possibly keep away from), and the routine practices of the dervishes as soon as the guests are gone.

Pir Saliyar 2

In the identical area, I’m eager to be taught extra about siyaw chemane singing.


[1] See e.g. Mehmed S. Kaya, The Zaza Kurds of Turkey (2011); Paul White, right here; abstracts from a convention on the Zaza in Anatolia—with many papers dedicated to Alevism, and one on the actor and movie director Yılmaz Güney (1937–84), amongst a number of Zaza Kurds with a excessive public profile; and even wiki (right here and right here). I word en passant that Zaza means “stammerer”.

[2] Whereas I’ve but to see extra in-depth research, transient media articles embrace
https://surfiran.com/pir-shalyar-kurdistan-iran/

https://caspianpost.com/en/publish/tradition/pir-shalyar-a-remarkable-festival-in-the-glorious-village-of-howraman-takht

https://www.tasteiran.web/tales/10068/pir-shalyar-ceremony

[3] This introduction is longer however removed from ethnographic:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XB7T_FYuwqU&t=1842s

Another transient clips:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=9geEorXli6g

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=t3F6ZSjGx18

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=otmilDUdxug

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