Shakespeare wasn’t a socialist. He was a businessman. He wrote for cash, and invested, and received wealthy. There isn’t any biographical proof that he was in sharing his wealth, or doing something however buying extra of it. He was like all people else.
Indeed, English Renaissance writers tended solely to fantasize about what we’d name socialism. In his 1513 Utopia, Thomas More envisions a society in which all property is equally shared, however in actual life, he lived in a manor, and expended no effort, in his influential position as Lord Chancellor, to induce legal guidelines which may redistribute royal wealth, or the wealth of privileged males like himself. In The Tempest, written practically a century later, Shakespeare’s kindly previous nobleman Gonzalo imagines a “commonwealth” the place there might be neither riches nor poverty, no commerce or pressured labor, and no “sovereignty,” however locations himself as “king on’t,” as if “the latter finish of his commonwealth forgets the start.” Renaissance literature is filled with concepts about equalizing wealth and eliminating poverty, however the concepts are at all times
humorously or wistfully framed. They are exhortations to kings to be saintly reformers who train excessive charity, or they’re expressed by unrealistic would-be social reformers (like Gonzalo), or by dreamers who, if extra logical than Gonzalo, lack all energy to carry their proposals to move.
But the thought — or the best — continues to be there. Here are just a few Shakespeare passages the place it is articulated.
“Why, I’ve typically want’d myself poorer, that I’d come nearer to you. We are born to do advantages; and what higher or properer can we name our personal than the riches of our buddies? O, what a treasured consolation ’tis to have so many like brothers commanding each other’s fortunes!”
Timon, Timon of Athens
“There shall be in England seven halfpenny loaves bought for a penny …. All the realm shall be in frequent …. There shall be no cash.”
Jack Cade, Henry VI, half 2
“They say he’s already in the Forest of Arden, and a many merry males with him; and there they reside just like the previous Robin Hood of England. They say many younger males flock to him each day, and fleet the time carelessly, as they did in the golden world.”
Charles the Wrestler describes Duke Senior’s money-free wilderness courtroom, As You Like It
“If [this bill] move in opposition to us, / We lose the higher half of our possession; / For all of the temporal lands, which males religious / By testomony have given to the Church, / Would [Parliament] strip from us [for] / reduction of lepers, and weak age / Of indigent faint souls previous corporal toil …. “
The Archbishop of Canterbury, Henry V
“He hath left you all his walks, / His non-public arbors and new-planted orchards, / On this aspect Tiber; he hath left them you, / And to your heirs perpetually — frequent pleasures, / To stroll overseas and recreate yourselves.”
Mark Antony, Julius Caesar
And lastly, two from that the majority socialist of performs, King Lear:
“Poor, bare wretches, whereso’er you’re, / That bide the pelting of this pitiless storm, / How shall your houseless heads and unfed sides, / Your loop’d and window’d raggedness, defend you / From seasons comparable to these? O, I’ve ta’en / Too little care of this! Take physic, pomp, / Expose thyself to really feel what wretches really feel, / That thou mayst shake the superflux to them, / And present the heavens extra simply.”
King Lear, King Lear
And extra succinctly:
“So distribution ought to undo extra, / And every man have sufficient.”
Gloucester, King Lear
And every girl, too, we’d add. For centuries poets like Shakespeare have imagined financial equality, the “shaking” down of the “superflux” or “undoing” of “extra.” But who will start it?