Conny Waters – AncientPages.com – The well-preserved stays of an historic winepress have been discovered close to the Roman fort Apsaros (immediately’s Gonio close to Batumi, Georgia).
The Polish-Georgian crew of archaeologists stated that the set up nearly definitely shaped a part of a farm producing wine for the Roman troops. The winepress was positioned a number of hundred meters from the garrison.
Remains of the wine press instantly after soil elimination and cleansing. Image credit score: R. Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski
“From the standpoint of the navy rules, this space needs to be clear. But folks have all the time been concerned with doing enterprise,” Polish crew chief, Dr. Radosław Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski from the Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology of the University of Warsaw stated.
“Therefore, brothels have been constructed close to this and different Roman camps, and, on this case, a winepress.”
The Georgian facet in these archaeological excavations is represented by Shota Mamuladze from the Agency for the Protection of Cultural Heritage of Adjara.
Roman (later Byzantine and Ottoman) fortress – Gonio – Apsaros, positioned in Georgia, Autonomous Republic of Adjara – historic Colchis. The fort is dated to Roman interval (early section: second half of the first century–2nd century AD). Its late section dated to the tip of the third century AD. Byzantine interval (Byzantine fortress: seventh–eighth century AD); The Turkish fortress – dates again to seventeenth–18th century AD. Image credit score: The Polish Centre of Mediterranean Archaeology, University of Warsaw.
Among many finds unearthed by Polish- Georgian crew, essentially the most fascinating are:
– baths from the very early section of the Roman military’s presence within the area;
– mosaic adorning the ground of one of many rooms within the baths, and several other stone architectural components found within the construction of a furnace used for heating the baths and the neighboring hypocaust cellar, together with a capital and two bases of columns; they have been all reused so that they should have come from an earlier constructing.
Dr. Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski defined that “companies close to camps have been usually owned by veterans – retired troopers who, due to good contacts with the camp command, began profitable exercise. Both legionaries and auxiliary troops (troopers who didn’t have Roman citizenship), have been most likely stationed in Apsaros.”
Polish-Georgian archaeological crew throughout excavations. Image credit score: R. Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski)
After inspecting the set up the archaeologists have been capable of additionally guess the form of wine that was produced there.
“It had to be Kvevri wine we also know from today’s Georgia. The wine fermented in clay vessels buried below ground. It had a very different taste from the wine aged in barrels or steel tanks. The wine was earthy and sweet,” stated Karasiewicz-Szczypiorski in a press launch.
The Polish-Georgian expedition is finishing up analysis throughout the partitions of the fort and outdoors the fortress. The winepress was found outdoors the partitions with laser scanning (LiDAR), which revealed terrain anomalies.
A number of years in the past, the crew unearthed Bronze and silver Roman cash within the Roman fort of Apsaros, Georgia.
Reverse of Julia Domna coin from the mint in Caesarea, unearthed in Apsaros. Image credit score: P. Jaworski/PAP
According to a Polish-Georgian crew of archaeologists, the invention “might be a small half of a bigger treasure. The oldest cash have been minted in the course of the reign of Hadrian (117-138 AD); the youngest come from the final years of the reign of Septimius Severus (starting of the third century AD).
All found cash come from the mint in Caesarea, the place positioned almost 1000 km from Apsaros. They have been manufactured from bronze and silver. Fort Apsaros was constructed round 2 thousand years in the past on the border of the Roman province of Cappadocia. Due to its strategic place, the fort performed a vital function within the defence system of the japanese border of the Roman Empire.
Written by Conny Waters – AncientPages.com Staff Writer