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The Crimean Conference | Teaching American History

With Russia’s invasion of Ukraine looming massive within the information we thought it smart to revisit the area’s ties to American historical past.

Map of Ukraine and Crimea
Regional Map of Ukraine, 2012

Prior to the 2014 annexation of Crimea by Russia, Americans related the area with the Crimean War of the mid-19th century, which occasioned Tennyson’s “Charge of the Light Brigade” and Florence Nightingale’s efforts to enhance battlefield medication. But in February of 1945, within the seaport of Yalta, it was the location of a closing assembly of the three chief Allied leaders all through most of battle—Churchill, Roosevelt, and Stalin—who reached an settlement on the phrases of the German give up.

Big 3 at Crimean Conference
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta makes closing plans for the defeat of Germany. Here the “Big Three” sit on the patio collectively, Prime Minister Winston S. Churchill, President Franklin D. Roosevelt, and Premier Josef Stalin. February 1945. (Army)

Reporting to Congress on the outcomes of the convention on March 1, 1945, Roosevelt introduced the plan for a “temporary” division of Germany into 4 zones, with France, Britain, the United States and Russia every administering one. He additionally introduced what he known as a “unanimous” settlement

[T]hat the political and financial issues of any space liberated from Nazi conquest, or any former Axis satellite tv for pc, are a joint accountability of all three Governments [Britain, the United States, and Russia]. They will be part of collectively through the non permanent interval of instability after hostilities, to assist the individuals of any liberated space, or of any former satellite tv for pc state, to resolve their very own issues by firmly established democratic processes.

And he seemed forward to a preliminary assembly of the United Nations in San Francisco on April 25, 1945.

Six weeks later, Roosevelt collapsed and died of a cerebral hemorrhage.


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