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The Pagan Gods Who Gave Rise to the Days of Our Week

We communicate the names of gods every day and most of the people don’t even notice it.  Whether its Thor’s Day (Thursday) or Saturn’s Day (Saturday), day by day of the week, non secular and non-religious individuals alike observe the outdated pagan custom of giving thanks to the gods of outdated.

In historical Mesopotamia, astrologers assigned every day of the week the identify of a god. In a tradition the place days had been consumed by faith, it’s unsurprising that the days of the week had been made in homage to the gods believed to rule the lives of mortals.  

Many centuries later, the Romans, upon starting to use the seven day week, adopted the names of the week to match their very own gods. These had been then adopted by Germanic individuals who additionally adjusted the names in accordance to their gods. It is predominantly these Germanic and Norse gods which have lived on right now in the days of the week, that are outlined under.


Sunday, as you might give you the chance to guess, is the “Sun’s Day” – the identify of a pagan Roman vacation.  In many folklore traditions, Sunday was believed to be a fortunate day for infants born. Many societies have worshiped the solar and sun-gods. Perhaps the most well-known is the Egyptian Sun-god Ra, who was the lord of time.


Monday comes from the Anglo-Saxon ‘monandaeg’ which is the “Moon’s Day”. On at the present time individuals gave homage to the goddess of the moon.  It was believed by ancients that there have been three Mondays throughout the 12 months that had been thought of to be unfortunate: first Monday in April, second in August and final in December.


Tuesday is the first to be named after a Germanic god – Tiu (or Twia) – a god of conflict and the sky and related to the Norse god Tyr, who was a defender god in Viking mythology.  Tiu is related to Mars. He is often proven with just one hand. In the most well-known fantasy about Týr he positioned his hand between the jaws of the wolf Fenrir as a mark of good religion whereas the different gods, pretending to play, sure the wolf. When Fenrir realised he had been tricked he bit off Tyr’s hand.

Tuesday is connected with the Norse god Tyr. Source: Archivist / Adobe Stock

Tuesday is related with the Norse god Tyr. Source: Archivist / Adobe Stock


Wednesday means “Woden’s Day” (in Norse, ‘Odin’), the Old Norse’s equal to Mercury, who was the messenger to the gods and the Roman god of commerce, journey and science. He was thought of the chief god and chief of the wild hunt in Anglo-Saxon mythology, however the identify straight translated means “violently insane headship” – not precisely the identify of a loving and type god!  Woden was the ruler of Asgard, the hoe of the gods, and is ready to shift and alter into totally different varieties.


Thursday was “Thor’s Day”, named after the Norse god of thunder and lightning and is the Old Norse equal to Jupiter. Thor is usually depicted holding an enormous hammer and through the 10  th and 11  th centuries when Christians tried to convert the Scandinavians, many wore emblems of Thor’s hammer as an emblem of defiance in opposition to the new faith.

Thursday is named after Thor, Norse god of thunder. Source: Dusan Kostic / Adobe Stock

Thursday is known as after Thor, Norse god of thunder. Source: Dusan Kostic / Adobe Stock


Friday is related to Freya, the spouse of Woden and the Norse goddess of love, marriage and fertility, who’s equal to Venus, the Roman goddess of love.


Lastly, Saturday derives from “Saturn’s Day”, a Roman god related to wealth, a lot and time. It is the solely English week-day nonetheless related to a Roman god, Saturn.  The Hebrews referred to as Saturday the “Sabbath”, which means, day of relaxation. The Bible identifies Saturday as the final day of the week.

The seven-day week originates with in historical Babylon prior to 600 BC, when time was marked with the lunar cycle, which skilled totally different seven-day cycles. A millennium later, Emperor Constantine transformed Rome to Christianity and standardized the seven-day week throughout the Empire.  Rome might initially have acquired the seven-day week from the mystical beliefs of Babylonian astrologers. But it was the biblical story of creation, God making the Heavens and Earth and resting on the seventh day that can have led the first Christian emperor of Rome to ensure it endured to at the present time.

Top picture: Wednesday is known as after Odin (Wotan), the all-father of Norse mythology. Source: The_AI_Revolution / Adobe Stock

By Joanna Gillan


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